The former power brokers of world football, Sepp Blatter and Michel Platini, were initially part of a 2015 legal procedure over a multi-million-dollar payment to Platini in 2011.
Sepp Blatter and Michel Platini are facing a more serious charge of fraud after Swiss federal prosecutors this week intensified a five-year investigation into the pair’s past dealings at FIFA.
The open criminal proceedings had been focused on suspected mismanagement and misappropriation, plus an act of forgery by Platini, linked to FIFA paying the French football great $2 million with Blatter’s approval in 2011.
Now the investigation has been widened to include suspected fraud.
It follows the former FIFA and UEFA presidents plus witnesses being questioned in recent weeks in Bern.
“[This month,] the federal prosecutors’ office informed the parties that, based on the current investigation it is reassessing part of the proceedings,” the Swiss attorney general’s office said on Friday, citing the payment to Platini.
“Since then both Joseph Blatter and Michel Platini are being investigated on suspicion of fraud,” the federal office said in a statement.
In the Swiss criminal code, fraud seeking personal gain can result in “a custodial sentence not exceeding five years or to a monetary penalty.”
Platini's entourage told AFP that the Swiss prosecutors were "maintaining this five-year-old case artificially by widening the accusations."
Charges yet to be filed
Charges have yet to be filed in a case opened in 2015 against Blatter, now 84, that was extended six months ago to include Platini.
Platini was the UEFA president and a FIFA vice president in January 2011 when he asked to be paid by football’s world body for work done a decade earlier.
The former France captain and coach submitted invoices for uncontracted additional salary as a presidential adviser in Blatter’s first term, from 1998-2002. Platini was paid by FIFA with Blatter’s approval in February 2011.
Both men deny wrongdoing. They have consistently cited a verbal agreement for the money since details of the deal were revealed in September 2015.
Then, Swiss authorities questioned them in a surprise visit to FIFA headquarters in Zurich where its executive committee was meeting.
Both men were provisionally suspended from football, then banned, by FIFA’s ethics committee. The Court of Arbitration refused to overturn their sanctions on appeal. Blatter’s six-year ban from football runs until next October.
Blatter is also a suspect in a Swiss criminal investigation into a $1 million FIFA loan in 2010 to the Trinidad and Tobago football body controlled by now-disgraced former FIFA vice president Jack Warner.
The case ended Platini's campaign to succeed Blatter as FIFA president in an election held in February 2016. With Platini suspended, UEFA put forward its general secretary Gianni Infantino, who won the vote.
Platini, who served a four-year ban, has long said he declared the money on his Swiss tax return. In 2018 he was cleared of suspicion in a letter from the Swiss federal prosecution office.
The investigation was revived when a different prosecutor, Thomas Hildbrand, took charge of some football cases. A previous lead prosecutor in FIFA-related work, he left amid turmoil in the department.
Hildbrand’s name was on the latest letters sent to lawyers on Tuesday, and seen by The AP.
Football's world governing body has been rocked by a number of scandals over the last decade.
In October, former FIFA number two Jerome Valcke was handed a suspended 120-day sentence and fined 1.65 million euros ($1.92 million) by a Swiss court over the allocation of World Cup TV rights.
It was the first judgement handed down in Switzerland, the seat of most international sports organisations, in the 20 or so proceedings opened in the last five years involving FIFA.
Two former Latin American football leaders have been jailed in the United States over their role in corruption.