Law firm Stoke White says it has submitted evidence including 2,000 testimonies to UK police documenting how troops led by General MM Naravane and Home Minister Amit Shah were directly involved in alleged war crimes and torture in disputed region.
A London-based law firm has filed an application with British police seeking the arrest of India's army chief and a senior Indian government official over their alleged roles in war crimes in disputed Kashmir.
Law firm Stoke White said on Tuesday it submitted extensive evidence to the Metropolitan Police's War Crimes Unit documenting how Indian troops headed by General Manoj Mukund Naravane and Home Affairs Minister Amit Shah were responsible for the torture, kidnapping and killing of activists, journalists and civilians.
The law firm's report was based on over 2,000 testimonies taken between 2020 and 2021. It also accused eight unnamed senior Indian military officials of direct involvement in war crimes and torture in Kashmir.
"There is strong reason to believe that Indian authorities are conducting war crimes and other violence against civilians in Jammu and Kashmir [India-administered Kashmir]," the report stated, referring to territory that is part of the Himalayan region.
The request to London police was made under the principle of "universal jurisdiction," which gives countries the authority to prosecute individuals accused of crimes against humanity committed anywhere in the world.
“We are warning that genocide could very well happen in India.”— TRT World (@trtworld) January 18, 2022
An expert says there are “early signs and processes of genocide” against Muslims in the Indian state of Assam and India-administered Kashmir pic.twitter.com/LgfhJYhxQ7
First such legal action against India
The international law firm in London said it believes its application is the first time that legal action has been taken abroad against Indian authorities over alleged war crimes in Kashmir.
Hakan Camuz, director of international law at Stoke White, said he hoped the report would convince British police to open an investigation and ultimately arrest the officials when they set foot in the UK.
Some of the Indian officials have financial assets and other links to Britain.
"We are asking the UK government to do their duty and investigate and arrest them for what they did based on the evidence we supplied to them. We want them to be held accountable,” Camuz said.
The police application was made on behalf of the family of Zia Mustafa, a jailed rebel fighter whom Camuz said was the victim of an extrajudicial killing by Indian authorities in 2021, and the behalf of human rights campaigner Muhammad Ahsan Untoo, who was allegedly tortured before his arrest last week.
Kashmir is divided between India and Pakistan, which both claim the region in its entirety. Muslim Kashmiris support rebels who want to reunite the region, either under Pakistani rule or as an independent country. In Indian-controlled Kashmir, tens of thousands of civilians, rebels, and Indian troops have been killed in the past two decades.
Kashmiris and international rights groups have long accused Indian troops of carrying out systematic abuse and arrests of those who oppose rule from New Delhi.
In 2018, the UN human rights chief called for an independent international investigation into reports of rights violations in Kashmir, alleging "chronic impunity for violations committed by security forces."
India has denied the alleged right violations and maintains such claims are propaganda meant to demonise Indian troops in the region.
The law firm's investigation suggested that the abuse has worsened during the coronavirus pandemic and under Hindu nationalist leader Narendra Modi's rule.
Its report also included details about the arrest of Khurram Parvez, the region's most prominent rights activist, by India's counterterrorism authorities last year.
Parvez, 42, worked for the Jammu and Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society, which has written extensive reports about Indian troops' use of violence and torture. The rights group has been demanding a fair probe into thousands of single or multiple mass graves in the disputed region.
Other accounts in the report discuss journalist Sajad Gul, who was arrested earlier this month after he posted a video of family members and relatives protesting the killing of a rebel commander.
An extraordinary human rights activist who has relentless documented the violation of human rights in Kashmir— John Cusack (@johncusack) December 22, 2021
Including mass graves -
A heroic human - ⬇️
Pass it around - https://t.co/n6X95zTUCK
'Many more applications' possible
Human rights lawyers have increasingly used the universal jurisdiction principle to seek justice for people who were unable to file criminal complaints in their home countries or with the International Criminal Court, located in The Hague.
Last week, a German court convicted a former Syrian secret police officer of crimes against humanity for overseeing the abuse of thousands of detainees at a jail near Damascus a decade ago.
Camuz said he hoped the request to British police seeking the arrest of Indian officials will be followed by other legal actions also focusing on Kashmir.
"We are sure this is not going to be the last one, there will probably be many more applications," he said.