After sitting in silence through nearly four hours of opening statements from members of the Senate Judiciary Committee, the 48-year-old federal appeals court judge Amy Coney Barrett laid out her approach to the bench.

US Supreme Court nominee Amy Coney Barrett is sworn in during a confirmation hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC, US, October 12, 2020.
US Supreme Court nominee Amy Coney Barrett is sworn in during a confirmation hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC, US, October 12, 2020. (Win McNamee/Pool / Reuters)

Supreme Court nominee Amy Coney Barrett has declared that Americans “deserve an independent Supreme Court that interprets our Constitution and laws as they are written." 

Barrett spoke about her judicial philosophy, her experience and her large family at the end of the first day of her fast-tracked confirmation hearings on Monday that Senate Democrats are using to try and brand her a threat to Americans’ health care during the coronavirus pandemic.

READ MORE: Hundreds of mourners pay respects to late Justice Ginsburg

“Courts have a vital responsibility to enforce the rule of law, which is critical to a free society. But courts are not designed to solve every problem or right every wrong in our public life," Barrett said in a statement she delivered after removing the protective mask she wore most of the day.

“The policy decisions and value judgments of government must be made by the political branches elected by and accountable to the people. The public should not expect courts to do so, and courts should not try.”

She told senators that she is “forever grateful” for Ginsburg’s trailblazing path as a woman on the court.

READ MORE: Trump to pick woman to fill Supreme Court vacancy

Harris criticises confirmation process

Yet Senator Kamala Harris, Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden's running mate, said the court is “often the last refuge for equal justice” and a Barrett nomination puts in jeopardy everything Ginsburg fought to protect.

Testifying from her office because of the pandemic, Harris said that not only health care but voting rights, workers' rights, abortion rights and the very idea of justice are at stake.

Republicans called Barrett a thoughtful judge with impeccable credentials.

Barring a dramatic development, Republicans appear to have the votes to confirm her to a lifetime seat on the Supreme Court. If she is confirmed quickly, she could be on the court when it hears the latest challenge to the Affordable Care Act, a week after the election.

READ MORE: Trump says he will name Supreme Court successor 'without delay'

One after another, Democrats sought to tie her nomination to the upcoming court case.

“Health care coverage for millions of Americans is at stake with this nomination,” said Senator Dianne Feinstein of California, the committee’s senior Democrat.

Senator Sheldon Whitehouse, D-RI, said the nomination is a “judicial torpedo aimed” at the law's protection for people with pre-existing health conditions among its provisions. The Trump administration wants the court to strike down the entire law popularly known as “Obamacare” on November 10. Barrett has criticized the court's two earlier major rulings supporting the law.

READ MORE: Trump renews health care battle for 2020, but who wins?

Among Republicans, Senator Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, dismissed warnings Barrett will undo the Obama-era healthcare law as “outrageous.”

Trump himself seemed to be watching, tweeting several times about the hearing. In one message, he tweeted that he’d have a “FAR BETTER” healthcare plan, with lower costs and protections for pre-existing conditions. But he has not, as yet, discussed an actual healthcare plan.

Republicans also warned against making Barrett’s Catholicism an issue in the confirmation debate, especially in regard to her stance on abortion, with Senator Josh Hawley of Missouri lambasting what he called a “pattern and practice of religious bigotry” by Democrats. 

However, Democratic senators made clear in advance of the hearing that they didn't plan to question the judge on the specifics of her religious faith.

Democratic presidential nominee Biden, also a practicing Catholic, told reporters ahead of a campaign trip to Ohio that he doesn’t think “there’s any question about her faith.”

Barrett’s religious views and past leadership role in a Catholic faith community pose a challenge for Democrats as they try to probe her judicial approach to abortion, gay marriage and other social issues without veering into inappropriate questions of her faith.

The Senate Judiciary Committee, meeting on a federal holiday, kicked off four days of statements and testimony in an environment that has been altered by the coronavirus pandemic. 

Some senators were taking part remotely, and the hearing room itself was arranged with health concerns in mind.

READ MORE: Trump declares himself immune to Covid-19

Protests outside Senate building

Senator Lindsey Graham, R-SC, opened the hearing acknowledging “the Covid problem in America is real." But he said, “We do have a country that needs to move forward safely.”

Graham acknowledged the obvious: “This is going to be a long, contentious week.”

Protesters rallied outside the Senate buildings with the hearing room largely closed to the public. Capitol Police said 22 people were arrested and charged on suspicion of crowding, obstructing or other violations.

Republicans are moving at a breakneck pace to seat Barrett before the November 3 election to secure Trump's pick, which would put her on the bench for any election-related challenges.

Democrats are trying in vain to delay the fast-track confirmation by raising fresh concerns about the safety of meeting during the pandemic after two GOP senators on the panel tested positive for the novel coronavirus.

Senator Mike Lee, R-Utah, one of those who tested positive, was in the hearing room on Monday after his spokesperson said he was symptom-free. The other affected senator, Thom Tillis of North Carolina, was participating remotely, though he too is symptom-free, his spokeperson said. Both tested positive 10 days ago.

READ MORE: Trump joins growing list of world leaders testing positive for coronavirus

Trump chose Barrett after the death last month of Ginsburg, a liberal icon. It's the opportunity to entrench a conservative majority on the court for years to come with his third justice.

Outside groups are pushing Democrats to make a strong case against what they call an illegitimate confirmation when people are already voting in some states, saying the winner of the presidency should make the pick. 

No Supreme Court justice has ever been confirmed so close to a presidential contest.

READ MORE: US Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg dies at 87

Source: AP